A 33-year-old man presents for a follow-up visit after his pre-employment health screen revealed a concerning finding. He has lost 25 pounds over the last 4 months but claims that he has not altered his usual exercise or dietary habits. He reports having a productive cough during the last month and that he was incarcerated recently. The patient emigrated from China 5 years ago and had returned to visit his family 6 months ago. He denies contact with any sick individuals.
On examination, the patient appears alert and oriented. His temperature is 37.5°C (99.5°F), blood pressure is 130/85 mm Hg, and heart rate is 84. He has no pallor, scleral icterus, or evidence of cervical lymphadenopathy. No rales or wheezes are heard on auscultation of his chest, and there is no dullness or hyperresonance. His trachea is midline, and chest expansion is symmetric. The rest of the examination findings are normal. The result of an HIV antigen/antibody test is negative. A chest x-ray is obtained, and the findings are similar to those seen on a chest x-ray obtained from a female patient (see image).
Which of the following describes the lung pathology of the most likely diagnosis? Explain why in the comments.
A. Abundant 2-mm foci of consolidation representing caseating granulomas on a gross pathologic specimen
B. Laminated, concentric, calcific spherules
C. Multinucleated giant cells and epithelioid cells surrounding central caseation and calcification
D. Noncaseating granulomas with nodal aggregates of epithelioid cells
E. Peroxidase-positive cytoplasmic inclusions in granulocytes
F. Poorly formed granulomas surrounded by lymphocytes and plasma cells, in addition to epithelioid and giant cells surrounding a small artery
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