Headaches are an unavoidable fact of life and often are nothing more than the result of sitting through one too many lectures. However, they can become debilitating and get in the way of daily life, especially when they become recurrent. Although some headaches have symptoms other than head pain, we typically think of headache pain relative to its location, how intense it is, and how long it lasts.
After listening to this AudioBrick, you should be able to:
- Compare and contrast the clinical features of primary headache syndromes (migraine, cluster, tension-type headaches).
- Differentiate migraine aura from other transient neurological disorders (eg, transient ischemic attacks, seizure, presyncope).
- Discuss the mechanisms of central nervous system sensitization and pain referral and the interaction of neural structures, particularly pain pathways and neurovascular control.
- Outline which patients warrant radiologic or other lab evaluation for headache.
- Describe the treatment of patients with headache disorders and potential complications of treatment.
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