Some of the most dreaded chronic complications of diabetes mellitus come from injury to the blood vessels. Such injury may lead to blindness, renal failure requiring dialysis, and early death from heart attacks. These complications develop slowly over years and can be divided into two groups based on the size of the blood vessels involved—microvascular and macrovascular. The good news is that many can be prevented or slowed by excellent control of blood glucose, so there is hope. Let’s examine these complications in detail.
After listening to this Audio Brick, you should be able to:
- Describe the microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes mellitus.
- Explain how elevated blood sugar leads to these complications.
- Describe screening and prevention strategies for complications of diabetes mellitus.
- Outline the most common treatments for diabetic complications.
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